The Island Nation of Sao Tome and Principe celebrates its independence today to mark its liberation from Portuguese colonial rule in 1975. With the increasing agitation for independence in the 1950s, the Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe (MLSTP) was formed to push for the full sovereignty of the island country. The overthrow in 1974 of the Caetano dictatorship in Portugal gave greater momentum and gravitas to the independence struggle, as the new Portuguese government was committed to scaling back influence on its colonial territories in Africa.
In November 1974, representatives of the MLSTP met with the Portuguese colonial authorities in Algiers to hammer out a transitional plan for independence, which agreement culminated in its attainment of full sovereignty in 12th July 1975. Despite being a relatively new baby in the African independence struggle, Sao Tome and Principe was one of the first African countries to promulgate democratic constitutional rule, having legalized multi-party politics and conducted elections in 1990. The country\’s economy is largely agrarian, based mainly on plantation agriculture, with cocoa constituting 95% of exports.
Famed for its cool, friendly climate and impressive mountain landscapes, Sao Tome and Principe looks to be a favourable tourism destination for those seeking to explore typical African island life.